Where was George Carey born? George was never asked about his birthplace by a census taker. That information only began to be recorded in 1850, about four years after his death. As far as I know, none of his children survived until 1880 to be asked by a census taker, for the first time, where their parents were born. We only have the testimony of some of his descendants, as follows:
George Carey, the paternal grandfather, was a native of Essex county, N. J., and of English extraction. The Carey family were among the early settlers of Essex county, and date their settlement in this country back to the colonial period, being one of the prominent families of that day...David, who was still alive when his biography was written, was about 20 years old at the time of his grandfather's death. I presume he had some conversations with George in which George mentioned his own origins to the boy. David's parents may have also passed on information to him as to his family's origins.
But where in New Jersey was George Carey born? The only information I had ever seen gave his birthplace as Essex county, in the Elizabethtown area. This is where his children's births were also said to have occurred. This is where most of the Winans, Clark and other New Jersey-to-Ohio migrant families are supposed to have originated.
In October 2005, I received e-mail from Michael Koseruba, who is a fellow descendant of George and Phebe Carey. Michael has been researching our common ancestors for quite awhile and has provided me a lot of food for thought. He suggests that we need to include some of the neighboring New Jersey counties, e.g. Morris and Somerset, in our search for Carey origins. I will summarize Michael's findings and theories as follows:
Acting on Michael's suggestion that Mendham, NJ, may have been George Carey's home before his move to Ohio, I searched the earliest New Jersey census available, that of 1830, for familiar names. In the not very legible pages for Mendham township, I was able to distinguish the following numbers of households:
It was especially interesting to discover, on successive lines, the households of a Daniel Cary and an Abraham Hudson. If the oldest persons in each household are husband and wife, then Daniel was in his 50s and his wife in her 60s, while Abraham was in his 50s and his wife in her 40s. All these people with familiar surnames in a small New Jersey township may or may not be related to any of our known ancestors, or even to each other.
When was George Carey born?
The 1820 record is next to useless. The 1830 census implies a 1760-1770 birth year, while the 1840 census implies 1770 to 1780. My own family history files say George was born "about 1759", but I'm not sure on what authority. I've seen a variety of dates in various GEDCOM sites on the world wide web.
Who were George Carey's ancestors?
Cousin Eric Elliott steered us to a family tree at the Ancestry.Com site which mentions a Jacob Carey whose wife was named Hannah Marsh. Further investigation of this family shows that Hannah is tied in to some of the other New Jersey families who are a part of our own family tree. But as for Jacob himself, his information is too vague to enable us to connect him with George or any other Carey:
("WFT" stands for "World Family Tree".) The fact that our George and Phebe named one of their sons Jacob suggests that this mysterious Jacob could have been George's father or uncle, or even his older brother. The Jacob and Hannah duo shows up in several other family histories on the World Wide Web, but with no more information than what I've just given.
The Paulding county history quoted above mentions English ancestry. While I doubt that George's ancestors were a prominent family, I accept the English extraction part of the story. Late colonial New Jersey was an area which was being settled mainly by the English. The heavy Scots-Irish migration of that time took other paths and I've never seen a Carey among the Scots-Irish settlers anyway. The influx of Irish settlers which brought significant numbers of Careys to the United States didn't begin until well after George Carey had migrated from New Jersey to Ohio.
Michael Koseruba suggests a connection via George's likely father, Isaac Carey, to earlier New England Careys. This is worth investigating, along with the rest of Michael's information. I will update this page whenever we make any new discoveries or whenever we are able to confirm or disprove any of the theories advanced here.
Other Careys in New Jersey?
Cousin Glen Winans sent us these two items from New Jersey's Supreme Court Case Files, 1704-1844 which may involve Careys who were in New Jersey before and after George:
Richard Carey V Nathaniel Salmon
Carey, Richard (Plaintiff)
Case Type, Debt
Thomas G. Carey (Plaintiff) V William Woodruff, Defendant
Case Type, Trespass
There's no way to tell whether either of these two Careys is related to our George. They were both (probably) in the right county and have names which appear among George's descendants. George named one of his sons Thomas and Thomas may have named a son Richard.